Project Goal

Business and IT Alignment is an important challenge as we are facing a dramatic change in the way we rely, depend and interact with ICT that influences our everyday life. Although “digital natives” will soon enter the workforce, there is still a huge gap between the business and ICT domain in terms of awareness, common understanding or expertise. This hampers the take-off of technology such as Cloud Computing. Hence, we are facing a competition between global-market players who quicker succeed in changing business into the Cloud to raise ICT efficiency and reduce costs. This is particularly true for SMEs that have started to embrace virtualization or at best IaaS offers but the exploding and dynamic market of components available on the PaaS or SaaS level demand for expertise and time typically not available at SMEs. Business processes are a commodity when defining business activities in human understandable way in form of “sequences of manual, semi-automatic or automated tasks with the aim to achieve the company’s goal”. Previous work in plug IT mapped business processes on static ICT configurations available at a company’s site assuming ICT is still mainly configured on platform or component level.

CloudSocket envisions the idea of “Business Process as a Service”, where domain-specific business processes like employee registration at social insurance, tax report or legal verification are supported by workflows that optimally match the ICT support for the selected process. The ICT support is expected to be realized by available platforms or software components from PaaS or SaaS platforms. CloudSocket introduces the concept BPaaS that fulfills the business process needs thanks to smart alignment techniques, packages this BPaaS as “extended Cloudlets” that are autonomously deployable and include adaptive rules to appropriately react in a multi-cloud environment by keeping SLAs and process-based billing. Hence, the vision is to “plug business” into the “Cloud”.


  • Put forth the idea of a “hybrid process” modelling framework applying well-known techniques for semantic, rule-based inference, meta modelling and knowledge management techniques to bridge the gap between business needs and the use and exploitation of Cloud resources and components
  • Implement a layered approach for managing the complexity of bridging the semantic distance from business process to workflow configuration of BPSaaS in the Cloud.
  • Introduce Cloud Computing to SMEs in a way such that the latter can easily use the Cloud, benefit from the respective reduced prices and flexible IT infrastructures, as well as reduce the administrative burden
  • Provide Business Process as a Cloud Service (BPaaS)


  • ATOS, Spain
  • BOC, Austria
  • bwcon GmbH, Germany
  • FHNW, Switzerland
  • FHOSTER, Italy
  • FORTH, Greece
  • MATHEMA, Italy
  • University of Ulm, Germany
  • YMENS, Romania

January 2015 – December 2017

European Commission, Horizon 2020


AP Yongzheng Liang


Yongzheng Liang

Beratung IT-Architecture